Magazine Health How to stop HIV In 2015, over 3,320 gay men were diagnosed HIV-positive in the UK. About 85% of new HIV infections come from having sex with men who don’t know they have HIV. About 15% of gay men who are HIV-positive don’t know they have it. Condoms Using condoms while having sex is still one of the best ways to avoid picking up any STIs, becoming HIV-positive or passing on HIV. Make sure you use plenty of water-based lube too. Stay away from Vaseline, baby oil and spit – they will make the condom rip. For more information about condoms and lube, visit www.gmfa.org.uk/condoms-and-lube. Testing All sexually active gay men should test for STIs at least once a year. If you are having sex with new partners then you should test more frequently. Test for HIV too when you’re there. It takes about two weeks for most STIs and four weeks for HIV to show up in a test. To find your nearest GUM clinic, visit www.gmfa.org.uk/clinics. Treatment If you are diagnosed with HIV you will be put on treatment that will contain the virus in the body. Within a few short months the virus should become undetectable, meaning that it’s very unlikely that the virus will be passed on to sexual partners. However using condoms will further reduce the risk of passing on HIV and STIs. For more information on HIV, being diagnosed and support services for men living with HIV, visit www.gmfa.org.uk/living-with-hiv. PrEP PrEP means Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, and it’s the use of anti-HIV medication to keep HIV-negative people from becoming infected. PrEP has been shown to be safe and effective. A single pill taken once daily, it is highly effective against HIV. The medication interferes with HIV’s ability to copy itself in your body after you’ve been exposed. This prevents it from establishing an infection and stops you becoming HIV-positive. PrEP is currently not available on the NHS to everyone, but you can findinformation about where to buy generic PrEP by visiting www.iwantprepnow.co.uk. PEP PEP is a month-long course of HIV medication that can stop you becoming HIV-positive if started within 72 hours after sex (the sooner you start taking it the better). If you think you’ve been exposed to HIV, contact your local GUM clinic or go to an A&E. For more info on PEP, visit www.gmfa.org.uk/pep. Education Knowing how HIV and STIs are transmitted is important. One way to stop HIV and STIs is to keep up to date with the latest news and information about HIV, STIs and safer sex. For more information, visit www.gmfa.org.uk/sex. Mental health No matter what advice we give you about how to stop HIV and STIs, if your emotional health is not good you may find it harder to care about protecting your sexual health. So if you are feeling down, experiencing low self-esteem or have symptoms of depression then it’s best to talk to a professional who can help you get back on track. For more information on how to look after your mental health, or to find support services, visit www.nhs.uk/mentalhealth. THIS ARTICLE WAS TAKEN FROM FS ISSUE #156. TO READ THE ISSUE IN FULL CLICK HERE.